CAPACITY : 270 KL Per Day
Ethanol is a generic name for Ethyl Alcohol which is a
product of sugarcane molasses and juice, prepared by fermentation and
distillation processes. It is a volatile, flammable and colourless
liquid, widely used as a solvent of substances intended for human contact or
consumption, including fragrances, flavoring, colouring
and medicines. When blended, as an additive with fuel for motor vehicles, it
is known as Motor Fuel Grade Alcohol or Power Alcohol. It can be blended with
petrol in varying quantities up to any extent depending upon the technology
of the engine. Up to 15% blend no modifications are required in the engines.
Usage of ethanol-blended gasoline began in the late 1970s. Environmentally,
the use of ethanol blends has assisted in reducing carbon monoxide emissions.
In the United States, one out of every eight gallons of
gasoline sold contains ethanol. Most of this ethanol is purchased as blends
of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline, known as E10, and is used as an octane
enhancer to improve air quality.
In India we are presently using E5 that is,
5% ethanol blend with gasoline but a government order for 10% blend is
expected in the near future.
A SUGAR INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE & ETHANOL PRODUCTION
Most sugar companies in India are evolving into integrated
players as diversification into distillery, ethanol and power has become
possible. This has improved the demand for molasses and ensures better
The Government of India has made blending of 5% Ethanol in
motor vehicle fuels, compulsory all over India. This directive has provided sugar
mills the opportunity to implement forward integration.
A 5% ethanol blend on an all-India basis would require
around 500 million liters. The current installed capacity would be adequate
to meet this requirement as also for E10 blend, even after fully meeting the
requirement of the chemical industry and potable sectors, as India is the second largest producer of
sugar in the world.
Ethanol blended fuels are advantageous due to the
§ Renewable source of energy
§ Use Molasses which is readily
available and is a by-product of the sugar manufacturing process
§ Diversifies the Sugar Industry
§ Utilizes industrial installed
capacity, improving the economy of the industry.
§ Energy security, trade balance and
§ Reduce use of gasoline and ensures
less dependence on imports of oil
§ Market opportunity for agricultural
§ Rural economic development and
boost to the agricultural sector
§ Environmental benefits (reduced
carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide emission. It does not contribute to the
harmful greenhouse gasses)
§ Displaces dangerous and
environmentally damaging components in gasoline, such as benzene.
India presently has an installed
capacity of over 3,000 million liters per annum but is producing less than
50% of installed capacity.